Content Analysis of Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Grade Elementary Science Textbooks Based on William Romey Technique

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Undergraduate student, Department of Educational Sciences, Shahid Bahonar Campus, Birjand, Farhangian University, South Khorasan, Iran.

2 Undergraduate student, Department of Educational Sciences, Imam Sajjad Campus, Farhangian University Birjand, South Khorasan, Iran.

3 Ph.D. Student in Educational Management, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Fars, Iran.

10.22034/ijsc.2022.313725.1059

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the content of experimental science textbooks for fourth, fifth, and sixth grade elementary school students in the academic year 2020 in terms of textbook activity, activities, and images using William Romey's formula.
Methods: This study's method is content analysis, and its goal is to be one of the applied studies. The statistical population consists of the aforementioned textbooks, whose pages were chosen as a sample and analyzed in accordance with the study's objectives. William Romey's formula is used to analyze text, images, and activities based on active and inactive categories, and the learner engagement index is calculated in each case.
Results: The fourth-grade experimental science textbook has a text engagement coefficient of 0.53, activity of 1.1, and images of 0.6, indicating that they are all active, respectively. The fifth-grade experimental science textbook is inactive, active, and active, with a text engagement coefficient of 22.0, activity 1, and images of 0.8, respectively. The sixth - grade experimental science textbook is inactive, active, and active, with text engagement coefficients of 0.30, 1.3, and 1.5, respectively.
Conclusion: According to the coefficients obtained from the books in question, the fourth-grade experimental science book in the field of text, activity, images are active, active and active, respectively. Fifth grade experimental science in the field of text, activity, images are inactive, active and active respectively. The sixth-grade experimental science textbook is inactive, active and active in the field of text, activity, and images, respectively.

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