The wisdom prediction based on personality factors in youth

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Psychology and Educational, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan barnch, Gorgan, Iran

2 Department of Education

3 Welfare Organization

10.22034/ijsc.2019.89433

Abstract

Background: The wisdom is dependent on the unique integration of personality structure which enables people to transcend their personal perspectives and accept collective and public concerns. Fundamental ties between wisdom and growth of youth personality have been recently discussed by personality theories including Erikson, Jung and Kohut. These theories suggest that there is a lot of relation between the growth of personality and wisdom.
Objectives: The aim of this study is to predict based on personality traits.
Methods: The research design is correlation. The research sample was consisted of 150 available subjects (convenience sampling). Their average age was 20 (16-24) who 70% (105 people) of them were female and 30 % (45) were male. NEO Five-Factor test (NEO-PI-R) was used to collect data from three-dimensional scale of wisdom (3D-WS). Pearson correlation and backward regression analysis were used to analyze the data.
Results: The results showed that there is a significant relationship between personality traits and wisdom. Given the importance of internal and external factors associated with wisdom, understanding these factors will contribute to a better understanding of wisdom structures.
Conclusions: Big five factors of personality (neuroticism, conscientiousness, agreeableness, openness and extroversion) are correlated with wisdom. Also neuroticism, agreeableness, openness and extroversion among big 5 factors of personality can significantly predict wisdom variance. Although the personality factors are predictive of Wisdom, but based on research, a complete unification between the factors of prediction is more precise.

Keywords