Effectiveness of Assessment and Education Phase of Schema Therapy on Marital Satisfaction

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

University of Birjand

Abstract

Background: Marital satisfaction is a common concept to show the degree of happiness and solidarity in marital relationship.
Objectives: This paper aims to study the effectiveness of assessment and education phase of schema therapy on marital satisfaction of high school married students in Ghaen city, eastern Iran.
Methods: The study has a quasi-experimental design with pre-test, post-test, control group, and a follow-up phase. The sample consisted of 30 married students who were selected by convenience sampling method and randomly assigned into experimental and control groups (n=15 per group). Both groups were assessed using Young Schema Questionnaire - Short Form and ENRICH Marital Satisfaction Inventory in the pre-test, post-test and follow-up phases. The early maladaptive schemas were taught to the experimental group in 8 two-hour sessions held once a week.
Results: The obtained data were analyzed in SPSS software (V-22) using multivariate analysis of variance. While similar before intervention, the experimental and control groups were significantly different after intervention. In other words, education led to increased, long-lasting levels of marital satisfaction.
Conclusions: Therefore, it can be concluded that marital satisfaction can enhance by implementing assessment and education phase of schema therapy.

Keywords


Alaminia, M. (2014). A critical review of researches in schema therapy area. Studies in Clinical Psychology, 18(5), 99-125.

Fazel, A., Haghshenas, H., & Keshavarz, Z. (2011). Predictability of marital satisfaction by personality traits and lifestyle in female nurses in Shiraz. Women Sociology, 2(3), 139-163.

Glenn, W., Caroline, M., & Vartouhi, O. (2001). Psychometric properties of the long and short versions of the Young Schema Questionnaire: Core beliefs among bulimic and comparison women. Journal of Cognitive Therapy and Research, 25, 137-47.

John, J, Joshua, D., & Jacqueline, M. (2004). Tools and tenets of Schema therapy: Toward the construct validity of the Early Maladaptive Schema Questionnaire-research version (EMSQ-R). Journal of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 11, 344-52.

Mahdavian, F. (1997). Investigating the effects of educating communication on marital satisfaction and clinical health.  M.A. Thesis. Tehran Institute of Psychology.

Mohammadkhani, P. (2010). Turbulences in Marital Relations and Ways to Enhance Marital Satisfaction. Tehgran: Ghatreh.

Mokhtari, S. (2009). Investigating the efficacy of schema therapy on marital satisfaction of married individuals suffering from Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder in Isfahan. M.A. Thesis. Al-Zahra University.

Sadooghi, Z., Aguilar-Vafaie, M., Rasoulzadeh Tabatabaie, K., & Esfahanian, N. (2008). Factor analysis of the Young Schema Questionnaire- Short Form in a nonclinical Iranian sample. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, 14, 214-219.

Sanayi, B. (2000). Family and Marriage Assessment Scales. Tehran: Rosh.

Sarmad, Z., Bazargan, A., & Hejazi, E. (2008). Research Methods in Behavioral Sciences. Tehran: Agah Publications.

Shekari Ghand Pazi, F., Navabi Nezhad, S., & Ahghar, Gh. (2015). Effectiveness of group counseling based on schema therapy approach in marital satisfaction. International Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Research, 4(2), 171-177.

Sohrabi, F. (2015). Third-wave therapy: Origins, present and prospects, with particular emphasis on schema therapy. Studies in Clinical Psychology, 6(18), 1-14.

Soleymani, F. (2014). The Relationship of couple’s primary inconsistent schemas with marital satisfaction in bandar abbas.  Academic Journal of Psychological Studies, 3(2), 148-153.

Taghavi Dinani, P., Zarbakhsh, M., Samkhaniyan, E., Hamidi, M., & Arkiyan, F. (2014). Study on the relationship between love attitudes and marital satisfaction among married women. European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences, 3(3), 468-474.

Yoosefi, N. (2012). Comparison of the effectiveness of family therapy based on schema therapy and Bowen’s emotional system therapy on the early maladaptive schema among divorce applicant clients. Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health, 4(52), 356-373.

Young, J. (2003). Schema therapy. New York: Guilford.

Young, J., & Klosko, J. (1993). Reinventing your life. The breakthrough program to end negative behavior and feel great again. [Translate into Persian]. New York: Penguin Group.

Young, J. E., Klosko, J. S., & Weishaar, M. E. (2003). Schema Therapy A Practitioner's Guide. [Translate into Persian by Ahmad Hamidpour abd Zahra Andouz]. Guilford Publications: New York.

Yousefi, R., Abedin, A., Tirgari, A., & Fathabadi, J. (2010). Efficacy of a schema-based educational experimental on marital satisfaction. Clinical Psychology, 2(3), 25-37.